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The Unconditional Covenants 

God has made certain unconditional covenants with Israel. Unconditional in that God is the One who will fulfill them. They are not dependent on man and thus cannot be broken, like the Mosaic Covenant (Jer. 31: 32). The first was the covenant made with Abraham, the father of the Jews. Within that covenant was the promise of the land (Canaan), the nation (Israel) and the blessing to the whole world (the Seed, Christ Jesus, Gen. 12:1-3;cf Gal. 3:14ff).

The unconditional promise of the land is confirmed again by the Land Covenant in Deu. 30:1-10. This is often erroneously called the "Palestinian Covenant" by theologians, however, the Bible does not recognize Israel's ancient land by the Roman name of "Palestine." The land is to be an everlasting possession and though removed, first because of idolatrous rebellion and the second because of the rejection of their Messiah, they will again return (1948 they became a state), for the covenants of God cannot be broken, they are irrevocable, Ro. 11:29.

There is also the Davidic covenant, unconditional in nature. Made with David in 2 Sam. 7:14-16. David's posterity fails not; his throne is established forever. Though God reserved the right to chasten David's sons (Ps. 89:19-37), nevertheless, the covenant was unconditional. It is fulfilled in the eternal Son of God who, in his humanity, is a (The) Son of David (Lk. 1:31-33) and will sit on that throne.

The last of the unconditional covenants given to Israel is in Jer. 31:31-34. This one is called the New Covenant in contrast with the Mosaic, which God made with their fathers in the day He took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. "My covenant which they broke.." It conditions their life in the Kingdom when the Seed of Abraham, the Son of David returns at the end of the tribulation to set up His Kingdom, issuing in the Millennium. Those who believe the "Gospel of the Kingdom" presented by the 144,000 Jewish believers, 12,000 from each tribe (God knows them and has anointed them) and endure to the end will enter into that glorious reign of Christ in which peace and righteousness will be its theme.

To the house of Israel God says He will "put His law within them, and on their heart I WILL write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people." "And they shall not teach again each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' for they shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, declared the Lord, for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more, " (see Zech. 12:10; 14:1-9) This is speaking to and about the nation of Israel to whom the covenants and promises belong. And God will bring it about.

Compiled by Alan Torres

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